Intellectuals and the Decline of Religion: Essays and Reviews
These authors range from John Henry Newman in the nineteenth century to Joseph Needham, who died in 1995, and include G. K. Chesterton, Arnold Toynbee, R. H. Tawney, Malcolm Muggeridge, T. S. Eliot and C. S Lewis. Their reactions vary from mild complacency to prophesy of the death of civilisation, with some glimmering hopes for a revival of spirituality and faith. Many spoke of their mystical experiences, of feeling a sense of the transcendental. They wrote in a time of horrific warfare, violence, ideological conflict and rapidly changing popular culture. Our age of Twitter and "a clash of civilisations" has much to learn from these acute and refreshingly readable thinkers.
Paul Crook has a Ph.D. from London University and a Doctorate of Letters from the University of Queensland, where he is Emeritus Professor in History. He has published widely on Anglo-American history, the American Civil War and Darwinian themes. His books include Benjamin Kidd: Portrait of a Social Darwinist; Darwinism, War and History; Darwin's Coat-Tails: Essays on Social Darwinism and Grafton Elliot Smith, Egyptology and The Diffusion of Culture.
ESSAYS 1 Was Newman's Theory of Development Darwinian? 1, 2 Maude Petre: A Modernist Martyr 8, 3 The Portly Prophet: G. K. Chesterton on Religion and Society 26, 4 Lionel Curtis: The Commonwealth of God 50, 5 Middleton Murry on the State of English Christianity 56, 6 "Jolly Jack" Priestley: Jottings on Life, Death and Time 69, 7 Arnold Toynbee on History and Religion 76, 8 R. H. Tawney's Christian Idealism and Social Reform 87, 9 Malcolm Muggeridge: Pundit to Pilgrim 101, 10 Alec Vidler: On Christian Faith and Secular Despair 116, 11 T. S. Eliot: After Strange Gods 137, 12 C. S. Lewis: "Surprised by Joy" 143, 13 Joseph Needham: Reflections on The Holy and Society 157, 14 Social Darwinism: Myth and Reality 189 - REVIEWS 1 The Politics of Heredity 193, 2 Nineteenth Century British Philosophers 196, 3 Crossing Borders 198, 4 War Against The Weak 200, 5 Perceptions of Race and Nation 203, 6 The Origin of Species: a Biography 206, 7 The New Eugenics? 209, 8 War in Human Civilisation 224, 9 Enhancing Evolution 226, 10 Design and Destiny 228, 11 Darwin on the Origin of Species 231, 12 Darwin Loves You 233, 13 The Passing of Protestant England 235, 14 The Story of America 237, 15 The Colours of Our Memories 239, 16 G. K. Chesterton 241, 17 Egypt and the Origin of Civilisations 243, 18 The Habsburgs 246, 19 The Intellectual World of C. S. Lewis 248, 20 Thomas Malthus 250, 21 R. H. Tawney 252, 22 We Are Amphibians 254.